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    Avipox-Infection in a collection of captive Stone Curlews (Burhinus oedicnemus) (2007)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Lierz, M.
    Bergmann, V.
    Isa, G.
    Czerny, C. P.
    Lueschow, D.
    Mwanzia, J.
    Prusas, C.
    Hafez, H. M.
    Quelle
    Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery; 21(1) — S. 50–55
    ISSN: 1082-6742
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    Pubmed: 18069171
    Kontakt
    Institut für Tierpathologie

    Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 15
    Gebäude 12
    14163 Berlin
    +49 30 838 62450

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    A natural outbreak of avipoxvirus occurred in recently purchased stone curlews (Burhinus oedicnemus) at a breeding farm and subsequently spread to other stone curlews residing at the farm. The initial outbreak was characterized by mild vesicular skin lesions on the legs, which then developed crusts and bled. The overall morbidity rate was 100%, but none of the birds died, and all recovered without complication. Four gallinaceous species, also kept on the farm, did not develop lesions. Avipoxvirus was identified from the skin lesions by virus isolation, electron microscopy, and monoclonal antibody testing, as well as by polymerase chain reaction testing. Eight months after this outbreak, 7 male stone curlews developed large, round, crusty lesions on their legs. Although poxvirus virions were identified in the lesions, results of virus isolation were negative. These lesions possibly were the result of a recrudescence of the original infection in male birds that were stressed because they were housed together during the breeding season. This is the first clinical description of an avipoxvirus infection in stone curlews.