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    Insulin Receptor is Expressed in Normal Canine Mammary Gland and Benign Adenomas but Decreased in Metastatic Canine Mammary Carcinomas Similar to Human Breast Cancer (2010)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Klopfleisch, R
    Hvid, H
    Klose, P
    da Costa, A
    Gruber, A D
    Quelle
    Veterinary and Comparative Oncology; 8(4) — S. 293–301
    ISSN: 1476-5810
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1476-5829.2009.00232.x
    Pubmed: 21062411
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    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Insulin receptor (INSR) or insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signalling is speculated to be involved in mammary tumour development. Expression levels of members of the insulin receptor family (INSR, IGF1R, IGF2R, GHR) and their ligands IGF1and IGF2 were quantified in macro- and microdissected tissue samples of normal canine mammary gland, adenomas, carcinomas and their lymph node metastases to evaluate their potential impact on the carcinogenesis of canine mammary tumours. Normal mammary gland and adenomas had strong INSR expression, while carcinomas and metastases had significantly decreased expression. No differences were observed for IGF1R expression. IGF1, IGF2 and GHR mRNA expressions were strongly decreased in adenomas, carcinomas and metastases. INSR and IGF1R are therefore expressed in normal gland and adenomas and an increased stimulus by their ligands may be a proliferative stimulus in those tissues. However, decreased INSR expression carcinomas and their metastases render questionable its impact at late stages of carcinogenesis.