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    Sequence analysis of the equid herpesvirus 2 chemokine receptor homologues E1, ORF74 and E6 demonstrates high sequence divergence between field isolates (2007)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Sharp, Emma L
    Farrell, Helen E
    Borchers, Kerstin
    Holmes, Edward C
    Davis-Poynter, Nicholas J
    Quelle
    The journal of general virology; 88(9) — S. 2450–2462
    ISSN: 0022-1317
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    Pubmed: 17698654
    Kontakt
    Institut für Virologie

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    Gebäude 35
    14163 Berlin
    Tel. +49 30 838 51833 Fax. +49 30 838 451847
    email:viro@zedat.fu-berlin.de

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Equid herpesvirus 2 (EHV-2), in common with other members of the subfamily Gammaherpesvirinae, encodes homologues of cellular seven-transmembrane receptors (7TMR), namely open reading frames (ORFs) E1, 74 and E6, which each show some similarity to cellular chemokine receptors. Whereas ORF74 and E6 are members of gammaherpesvirus-conserved 7TMR gene families, E1 is currently unique to EHV-2. To investigate their genetic variability, EHV-2 7TMRs from a panel of equine gammaherpesvirus isolates were sequenced. A region of gB was sequenced to provide comparative sequence data. Phylogenetic analysis revealed six 'genogroups' for E1 and four for ORF74, which exhibited approximately 10-38 and 11-27 % amino acid difference between groups, respectively. In contrast, E6 was highly conserved, with two genogroups identified. The greatest variation was observed within the N-terminal domains and other extracellular regions. Nevertheless, analysis of the number of non-synonymous (d(N)) and synonymous (d(S)) substitutions per site generally supported the hypothesis that the 7TMRs are under negative selective pressure to retain functionally important residues, although some site-specific positive selection (d(N)>d(S)) was also observed. Collectively, these data are consistent with transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains being less tolerant of mutations with adverse effects upon function. Finally, there was no evidence for genetic linkage between the different gB, E1, ORF74 and E6 genotypes, suggesting frequent intergenic recombination between different EHV-2 strains.