Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin



    Detection of Equid herpesvirus 9 DNA in the trigeminal ganglia of a Burchell's zebra from the Serengeti ecosystem (2008)

    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Borchers, Kerstin
    Lieckfeldt, Dietmar
    Ludwig, Arne
    Fukushi, Hideto
    Allen, George
    Fyumagwa, Robert
    Hoare, Richard
    The Journal of veterinary medical science / the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science; 70(12) — S. 1377–1381
    ISSN: 0916-7250
    Pubmed: 19122410
    Institut für Virologie

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    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Equid herpesvirus 9 (EHV-9) was isolated from a herd of Thomson's gazelles affected by encephalitis. The natural host of EHV-9 is unknown, but zebras are suspected to be the source of infection in gazelles. To prove this hypothesis, we analyzed 43 sera from Burchell's zebras (Equus burchelli) and 21 Thomson's gazelles (Gazella thomsoni) from the Serengeti ecosystem for neutralizing antibodies. Seven zebra sera were positive for EHV-1, EHV-9 and EHV-1 from Grevy's zebra strains T965 and T616. The trigeminal ganglia of 17 other Burchell's zebras and one Thomson's gazelle were tested by EHV-9 gB and EHV-1 ICP0-specific nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR). PCR sequencing confirmed that one zebra ganglion was positive for EHV-9. These results suggest that the Burchell's zebras were exposed to EHV-9 and latently infected.