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This study assessed the status and importance of the Selous Niassa Wildlife Corridor (SNWC) in southern Tanzania as a conservation area and biological corridor for wildlife, principally the African elephant(Loxodonta africana) and other key wildlife species. To this end we investigated the distribution and movements of elephants and other
wildlife species, their population structure and population size. With a view to identify key conservation and development issues, we also
assessed the relationship between people and wildlife, in particular potential sources of conflict, local knowledge about and attitudes
towards wildlife. The data were derived from a novel combination of local knowledge of wildlife, own field observations, and advanced technology including satellite-based location and tracking of radiocollared individual elephants. The present study also evaluated the data collected by village game scouts (VGS) to assess their potential and
effectiveness as a low cost monitoring system for the number, distribution and population structure of elephants. The study was conducted between July 2000 and December 2002.