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    Histomonas meleagridis (Protozoa, Trichomonadidae): analysis of growth requirements in vitro (2010)

    Art
    Zeitschriftenartikel / wissenschaftlicher Beitrag
    Autoren
    Hauck, R.
    Armstrong, P. L.
    McDougald, L. R.
    Quelle
    Journal of parasitology : the journal of the American Society of Parasitologists; 96(1) — S. 1–7
    ISSN: 0022-3395
    Sprache
    Englisch
    Verweise
    Pubmed: 19681647
    Kontakt
    Institut für Geflügelkrankheiten

    Königsweg 63
    14163 Berlin
    +49 30 838 62676
    gefluegelkrankheiten@vetmed.fu-berlin

    Abstract / Zusammenfassung

    Histomonads grew rapidly in Dwyer's medium, consisting of medium 199, chick embryo extract, serum, and rice powder, reaching a population size of about 5 x 10(5) in 3-4 days, followed by a rapid decline. Substitution of other cell culture media (L-15, MEM, or RPMI) for M199 was also satisfactory, except for Waymouth's medium, which produced a lower and later peak of growth. Omission of serum or rice rendered media unsuitable for growth. Bacteriological culture media did not support growth of histomonads. Media that included glucose were unsuitable because the pH of the cultures dropped to about 4. The effect of glucose on pH was due to the action of bacteria. Oxygen inhibited growth of histomonads. There was no growth when culture tubes were not capped tightly, regardless of the medium used. Histomonads grew well with rice flour, cornstarch, oat flour, rye flour, and buckwheat flour. Barley and blue corn meal were less satisfactory. It appeared that the requirements for growth of the lumen phase Histomonas meleagridis included a suitable physiological saline, serum (of any source), and a starch source (grain flour). Anaerobic conditions and a pH near neutral were best. Histomonads separated into pure cultures by flow cytometry would not grow without the inclusion of an unspecified species of bacteria.