Stable flies (Stomoxyinae) frequently constitute a common problem in and around livestock farms or in agriculture. Nuisance by biting flies and the ensuing negative impact on livestock productivity plays an important role. Disease transmission may sometimes be an additional problem. The frequent and uncontrolled application of insecticides is likely to speed up the development of insecticide resistance within a few generations as was also shown in a previous investigation on the resistance status of Musca domestica in Brandenburg. Surprisingly, little is known about the resistance in S. calcitrans in Germany. But, there are clear indications from own, unpublished investigations that stable flies have already acquired resistance against pyrethroids. Estimates of the economics of stable fly-induced losses point to as much as $ 2billions/year for the cattle sector in the US. It is unfortunate that we do not dispose of reliable estimates of the economic impact of stable flies in Germany. Trials protecting dairy cows against attacks from nuisance insects point, however, to significant reductions of defensive movements and a resulting significant increase of milk production.
|Projektleitung:||Prof. Dr. Peter-H. Clausen|
|Eintragende Einrichtung:||Institut für Parasitologie und Tropenveterinärmedizin|
|Projektlaufzeit:||01.04.2015 bis 30.06.2016|
|Mittelgeber:||Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety (BVL)|
Jandowsky, A., P.-H. Clausen, E. Schein, B. Bauer (2010): Vorkommen und Verbreitung von Insektizidresistenzen bei Fliegen (Musca domestica L.) in Milchviehbetrieben Brandenburgs. Praktischer Tierarzt 91: 590-598.